"BOUNDARY, n. In political geography, an imaginary line between two nations, separating the imaginary rights of one from the imaginary rights of the other." Ambrose Pierce.
Borders are set up to define the places that are safe and unsafe, to distinguish us from them. A border is a dividing line, a narrow strip along a steep edge. A borderland is a vague and undetermined place created by the emotional residue of an unnatural boundary. It is in a constant state of transition. The prohibited and forbidden are its inhabitants.”
― Gloria E. Anzaldúa, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza
FACT #!: Border is 2000 miles long including four U.S. states and six Mexican states. There are three natural barriers: the Rio Grande, Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts. In 1996 Operation Gatekeeper "militarized" the border crossings at El Paso and San Diego. That action de facto closing the borders in these two cities, created the "funnel effect" that pushed people into desert crossings. The rationale was that the desert would be a natural deterrent. One can imagine the conversation at the Immigration and Naturalization Service. "Who will cross the desert? Only desperate people without options or hope.
FACT #2: USA/MEXICO border is the most frequently crossed international border. 12,000 trucks cross daily bringing food to the USA. 350 million people cross legally annually. Only one million cross illegally or without papers.
FACT #3: ECONOMY- USA is Mexico's number one economic partner. Mexico is the USA' number two economic partner. $795 million is traded daily between the two countries.
FACT #4: The NAFTA trade agreement in 1994 affected millions of small farmers in Mexico who felt that they had no choice but to migrate north for jobs. When the Bracero program was in effect, they could cross the border for primarily farm work and then go home again. Now, when they cross without documents, they cannot return home and are stranded in the USA>